What is a Customer Persona & How to Create One [The Facts]


Want to grow your company fast?

Well, you’ll need to really get to know your target audience. One of the best ways to do this is through the creation of a customer persona.

This guide will walk you through everything you need to know about customer personas so you can run more effective sales and marketing campaigns and make more money. With that in mind, let’s dive right into the guide.

What is a Customer Persona

A customer persona is a representation of the demographic and key traits of their lifestyle. It tells you all about the needs and wants of your average customer. 

An ideal persona reflects the demographic and lifestyle traits of your target audience. The persona helps you understand who you want to reach, whether that’s a podcast listener, Youtube viewer, social media follower, or customer.

The customer persona includes demographic details like age and disposable income and psychographic details like needs and purchase behavior. Personas define the types of customers and provide an insight into how the customer thinks, behaves, and acts. 

A buyer persona enables brands to deliver focused and relevant content to the audience. Let’s start by looking at customer personas in greater detail.

How to Create a Customer Persona

Let’s start by looking at a typical buyer persona and the details you need to fill in. 

The buyer profile includes demographic data like age, location, and disposable income, as well as the customer’s needs, pain points, and lifestyle choices. The completed persona gives deep insight into customer behavior and purchase triggers.

So where do you get all this information from?

Well, your customers.

You’ll need to research your customer base to learn more about them. There are several ways to go about this.

An obvious starting point is customer interviews and surveys. Talk to your customers. You’ll need to ask a mixture of open and closed questions. The closed questions will help you gather fixed data about customers. For example, where they live, age, income brackets, and so on.

Open-ended questions will help you understand customer motivations and interests.

Customer feedback should always be your starting point while building your buyer persona.

The next thing you should do is analyze the customer data you’ve collected. Most businesses will collect customer data through a CRM like Hubspot or Engagebay. You’ll have information about purchasing history, where your customers live, what marketing channels they’ve used, and more.

Keyword research is another useful way of gathering customer data. For instance, let’s say a fashion retailer finds that a common keyword is ‘discount (brand name).’ Now the retailer knows that the purchase motivation is price and not some other variable like product quality or delivery. 

You can gather customer details for your buyer persona too.

Most social platforms give you access to an analytics dashboard which is a rich mine for collecting customer data. You’ll get information like age, interests, and other things by reviewing your analytics.

Using multiple data sources to create your customer profile will give you better customer insights.

Converting Data Into Insights

Collecting customer data and converting this information into actionable insights is important for any business. You need to step into the customer’s shoes and think and behave like the customer. Converting objective data into subjective insights is hard.

Converting the data into insights is often called empathy mapping.

An empathy map helps the brand to stay focused on how the customer thinks and behaves. You should try to identify purchase obstacles and purchase triggers. You can use those insights to improve your messaging allowing you to push prospects down your funnel.

Actionable Insights

The purpose of gaining customer insights is to convert them into insights and the insights into marketing strategies. Let’s look at some marketing opportunities that flow from personal insights.

Identify Pain Points

The insights from the user persona enable you to identify common pain points of your customers. These are the areas that your product or service should address.

Your brand communication should be built around providing solutions that address and resolve the customer’s pain points. User personas should be the starting point for all product design and product development activities.

Identify Relevant Social Platforms

User personas when combined with analytic tools like Google Analytics give you an idea of the social platforms that your customers use. The analytic tools on these platforms will also tell you how your competition connects with the same customer. Check out this useful article on how to conduct competitive analysis

For instance, Let’s say an accurate customer persona shows that your ideal customer is an avid photographer. Hence, you would want to be active on visually-rich social platforms like Instagram and Pinterest to locate your target audience.   

It Boosts Your Marketing Results

What was the last great advert you watched on TV? Do you still remember it?

Effective marketing campaigns work because they resonate with your target audience. They make you laugh, address a pain point that’s bothering you, or motivate you to take action.

Understanding your target audience significantly increases the chance of running effective marketing campaigns. That’s why it’s so important to really get to know your customer.

You can design more effective sales funnels by getting to know your audience as well. For example, you can share content from your eCommerce store about the latest fashion trends tailored to executives, if that’s your target audience.

It Helps With Account-Based Marketing

Successful companies have close bonds with their customers. Personalized communication with the customer is important. According to a study conducted by Econsultancy, over 50% of potential customers are willing to share their personal details in exchange for personalized offers and discounts. 

Account-based marketing requires you to personalize your communication with each lead. This is where you can use your customer personas to identify common motivations and pain points. You can build your communication around your understanding of their needs. 

In a B2B setting, these prospects are often referred to as Sales Qualified Leads (SQL). You’ll boost your conversion rates by focusing your marketing efforts on these prospects.

Makes Brand Communication Customer-Centric

Insights from customer personas enable brands to tailor their content to the needs of the customer. High-value and relevant content will help you engage with the customer in a more meaningful way.

The buyer persona will tell you topics that your audience 

Builds Customer Loyalty

Loyal customers are the backbone of any successful company. Regardless of company size, business owners know that customer retention is way cheaper than customer acquisition. By how much? Well, about 5X cheaper.

Your job doesn’t end once you acquire a new customer. You’re just getting started. You want to engage the customer and focus on retaining them. 

The most successful businesses focus on customer retention to persuade them to buy from you time and again. These brands focus on converting a customer to a loyal brand advocate.

Retention is cheaper than acquisition. A 2% increase in retention is at par with a 10% cut in costs, hence, higher profitability. 

Partner With Influencers Your Personas Like

The personas will give you insight into the influencers that your customers follow. Your target audience will follow a certain type of people. Partnering with these influencers will build the credibility of your brand. Customers treat the news of these influencers as if it were coming from close friends or family.  

Harmonize the Customer Experience

Your customers expect a uniform brand experience across all brand touchpoints. Personas allow you to bring all customer-centric stakeholders on one page for a uniform experience and communication. 

B2B vs B2C Customer Personas

Online business is conducted either with B2B (business to business) customers or B2C (business to customers). In B2B the business is selling to another company. In B2C you’re selling directly to the customer.

The customer personas for each segment will be different. Let’s start by looking at customer persona examples in the B2C segment.

B2C Customer Personas

B2C sales are to the direct customer who is using their own money and unique decision-making process to buy your product. With B2C customer personas, you’re looking for insights into their purchase behavior.

Yes, you also want the demographic data, but customer behavior is vital. You need to understand who the customer is in their day-to-day life and what motivates them to take action. Let’s look at some examples of consumer personas.

Our first B2C example highlights how a customer persona doesn’t need to be lengthy to communicate a powerful message.


A glance at the customer persona shows that Rachael is busy, budget-conscious, and active on social media. She needs a quick and easy solution to her problem. The sum of her persona is distilled down to blurbs of actionable insights that will drive the marketing efforts. 

Let’s look at another example of a B2C customer persona. This time, let’s look at a customer persona created by Munro.

Brandi’s problem is finding shoes that fit her narrow feet, and it is a painful journey to find a pair. The persona helps you identify with her problem. A nice touch is the direct customer quotes, as it tells you exactly what the customer was thinking.

B2B Customer Personas

As a B2B company, your typical customer will be a C-suite or a senior management decision-maker. Business to business orders is driven by client needs, a careful cost-benefit analysis, and a chain of influencers.

While B2C personas are customer-centric, B2B personas are work-place centric. Your B2B customer persona should capture the workplace dynamics, job role, personality, and key influencers whose inputs will be sought before purchasing. 

Let’s take a look at a few B2B customer personas and analyze them. The first one comes from Referral SaaSquatch, and it highlights the sort of data you need to collect to build insights and conversion strategies down the line. In this case, the customer is the decision-maker and also influences the corporate purchase decisions.

A B2B persona will always have more information than a B2C persona. That is because more variables are at play in B2B selling. 

This data now needs to be converted into insights, and the insights would feed into the marketing and sales strategies. A frugal and wary of vendor claims attitude could be a purchase obstacle, and a counter would need to be built into your actionables. 

Let’s look at another example. This time we look at the persona of Diane, the Director of Critical Care at Terre Haute hospital. 


 It’s a data-rich persona that gives a granular view of Diane’s work life and her personality. Notice how the details are arranged in a circular pattern around the picture. This makes it easy to absorb the information.

A quick glance at this customer persona tells you everything you need to know about Diane. From her demographic information to her goals and values and the challenges she faces in her day-to-day work life. 

Detailed information in a B2B persona will help you develop accurate insights and hence effective conversion strategies.

Summing Up

Customer personas are representations of your ideal customer. A B2C persona will focus on the customers’ demographics and lifestyle traits of your ideal customer. This information will help you gather valuable insight into customer behavior and develop unique content and marketing strategies relevant to your customers.

Buyer personas are the foundation on which you can build your marketing strategies. They enable you to engage your customer with content that addresses their pain areas and moves them down the sales funnel toward a conversion.

B2B personas are more detailed than B2C personas and include the customer’s work-life snapshot, in addition to the demographics and psychographic data. The time invested in creating these personas will pay rich dividends for all brands. Good luck with creating your buyer personas.

About the author

Nicholas Prins

I'm the founder of Launch Space. We work with global companies helping them scale lead generation through SEO and content marketing. Head over to the homepage to find out more.

By Nicholas Prins